Project INDECIS is part of ERA4CS, an ERA-NET initiated by JPI Climate, and funded by FORMAS (SE), DLR (DE), BMWFW (AT), IFD (DK), MINECO (ES), ANR (FR) with co-funding by the European Union (Grant 690462). The S2S4E project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Grant Agreement No. 776787. This research was also supported by an FPI grant (Formación de Personal Investigador) from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MCINN) to Jaume Ramon.